How do we make sure emergency IT systems work and are useful to us in disasters?
Information is crucial for decision-making in time of disasters. Therefore all information must be up to date and readily available. But the problem in most cases is that we only test these emergency systems during the events leaving the community vulnerable
🥥Prasanna, R., & Huggins, TJ. (2016). Factors affecting the acceptance of information systems supporting emergency operations centres. Computers in Human Behavior. 57, 168-181
How do we utilise indigenous stories as a disaster education tool?
Traditional knowledge is an important area for disaster management as many cultures already have stories that highlight the warning signs for natural disasters and show how to respond appropriately. See the way native Americans have grappled with this; maybe it reminds you of similar stories in your culture?
🥥Becker, J., Johnston, D., Lazrus, H., Crawford, G. & Nelson, D. (2008) Use of traditional knowledge in emergency management for tsunami hazard: A case study from Washington State, USA. Disaster Prevention and Management 17: 488-502.
When do you decide it’s time to move in a tsunami?
🤷🏽🤷🏽♂️People have their own scale of measure. They tend to judge whether they move or not by rating the strength and duration of an earthquake, the safety of their house in its surroundings together with disaster information they may be receiving.
🥥Fraser, SA., Doyle, EEH., Wright, KC., Potter, SH., McClure, J., Johnston, DM., ... Johal, S. (2016). Tsunami response behaviour during and following two local-source earthquakes in Wellington, New Zealand. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 16, 123-133
Having community leaders like our kiritata in Kaikoura
The local economy was hugely affected as well as routes in and out of Kaikoura but tangata whenua opened marae to house many residents post-quake and the Federated Farmers helped contact rural farmers.
🥥Stevenson, J., Becker, J., Cradock-Henry, N., Johal, S., Johnston, DM., Orchiston, C., ... Seville, E. (2017). Economic and Social Reconnaissance: Kaikōura Earthquake 2016. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering. 50(2), 343-351
How do people in different countries respond to earthquakes?
Whether in Japan or New Zealand, people are not passive ‘victims’ of disaster but are instead active responders, adapting to their changing surroundings. Maybe this is true of everyone?
🥥Jon, I., Lindell, MK., Prater, CS., Huang, SK., Wu, HC., Johnston, DM., ... Lambie, E. (2016). Behavioral response in the immediate aftermath of shaking: Earthquakes in Christchurch and Wellington, New Zealand, and Hitachi, Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 13(11)